James Marshall „Jimi“ Hendrix (* November als John Allen Hendrix in Seattle, Washington; † September in London) war ein. Jimi Hendrix gilt als größter Rock-Gitarrist des Jahrhunderts. Heute vor 50 Jahren starb er mit 27 an einer Überdosis. Keiner hatte so intime Tête-à-Têtes mit seiner Gitarre wie Jimi Hendrix. Vor 50 Jahren starb er jung, doch sein Vermächtnis wirkt weiter.
Jimi HendrixNew York (dpa) - Das Leben von Jimi Hendrix war kurz und rauschhaft. Er wurde nur 27 Jahre alt - wie auch Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison und. Andere Musiker wurden als Gitarrengötter verehrt. Er drang in höhere Sphären vor: Jimi Hendrix zum Todestag. James Marshall „Jimi“ Hendrix war ein US-amerikanischer Gitarrist, Komponist und Sänger. Hendrix, der wegen seiner experimentellen und innovativen Spielweise auf der Rock-E-Gitarre als einer der bedeutendsten und einflussreichsten Gitarristen.
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If you order right now, Sideshow. BY Jennifer M Wood. Jimi Hendrix didn't become "Jimi" until Muddy Waters turned Jimi Hendrix on to the guitar—and scared the hell out of him.
Jimi Hendrix could not read music. Subscribe to our Newsletter! In , Hendrix followed in his father's footsteps by enlisting in the United States Army.
While training as a paratrooper, Hendrix still found time for music, forming a band named the King Kasuals. Hendrix served in the army until when he was honorably discharged after injuring himself during a parachute jump.
After leaving the military, Hendrix began working under the name Jimmy James as a session musician, playing backup for such performers as Little Richard , B.
King , Sam Cooke and the Isley Brothers. In mid, Hendrix met Chas Chandler — bass player of the British rock group the Animals — who signed an agreement with Hendrix to become his manager.
While performing in England, Hendrix built up quite a following among the country's rock royalty, with the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Who and Eric Clapton all becoming great admirers of his work.
One critic for the British music magazine Melody Maker said that he "had great stage presence" and looked at times as if he were playing "with no hands at all.
On tour to support his first album, Are You Experienced? He didn't move until it was time for the show. He then began playing "Earth Blues" before telling the audience: "That's what happens when earth fucks with space".
Soon after the abruptly ended Band of Gypsys performance and their subsequent dissolution, Jeffery made arrangements to reunite the original Experience lineup.
During the first half of , Hendrix sporadically worked on material for what would have been his next LP. Forum , performing for 20, people.
At one of them, the second Atlanta International Pop Festival , on July 4, he played to the largest American audience of his career.
With round windows, an ambient lighting machine, and a psychedelic mural, Storyk wanted the studio to have a relaxing environment that would encourage Hendrix's creativity.
When the European leg of the Cry of Love tour began, Hendrix was longing for his new studio and creative outlet, and was not eager to fulfill the commitment.
On September 2, , he abandoned a performance in Aarhus after three songs, stating: "I've been dead a long time". Three days after the performance, Cox, who was suffering from severe paranoia after either taking LSD or being given it unknowingly, quit the tour and went to stay with his parents in Pennsylvania.
His performance was uncharacteristically subdued; he quietly played backing guitar, and refrained from the histrionics that people had come to expect from him.
Hendrix entered a small club in Clarksville, Tennessee, in July , drawn in by live music. People tell me I get foolish, good-natured sometimes.
Anyway, I guess I felt real benevolent that day. I must have been handing out bills to anyone that asked me.
I came out of that place with sixteen dollars left. Shapiro and Glebbeek, however, assert that Hendrix used it in June at the earliest while attending the Monterey Pop Festival.
One of Keith's friends offered Hendrix acid , a street name for LSD, but Hendrix asked for LSD instead, showing what Cross describes as "his naivete and his complete inexperience with psychedelics".
When Hendrix drank to excess or mixed drugs with alcohol, often he became angry and violent. In January , the Experience travelled to Sweden to start a one-week tour of Europe.
During the early morning hours of the first day, Hendrix got into a drunken brawl in the Hotel Opalen in Gothenburg , smashing a plate-glass window and injuring his right hand, for which he received medical treatment.
In , Hendrix rented a house in Benedict Canyon , California, that was burglarized. Later, while under the influence of drugs and alcohol, he accused his friend Paul Caruso of the theft, threw punches and stones at him, and chased him away from his house.
Hendrix was passing through customs at Toronto International Airport on May 3, when authorities found a small amount of heroin and hashish in his luggage.
He was required to return on May 5 for an arraignment hearing. Details are disputed concerning Hendrix's last day and death.
Coroner Gavin Thurston ordered a post-mortem examination which was performed on September 21 by Professor Robert Donald Teare , a forensic pathologist.
Desmond Henley embalmed Hendrix's body  which was flown to Seattle on September Jimi Hendrix is part of the 27 Club , a list of musicians who died when they were 27 years old.
By , as Hendrix was gaining in popularity, many of his pre-Experience recordings were marketed to an unsuspecting public as Jimi Hendrix albums, sometimes with misleading later images of Hendrix.
Today I spend at least twelve hours on each song. Some of Hendrix's unfinished fourth studio album was released as the title The Cry of Love.
In , MCA Records delayed a multimillion-dollar sale of Hendrix's publishing copyrights because Al Hendrix was unhappy about the arrangement.
Hendrix played a variety of guitars, but was most associated with the Fender Stratocaster. Hendrix mainly played right-handed guitars that were turned upside down and restrung for left-hand playing.
Marshall amps were important to the development of Hendrix's overdriven sound and his use of feedback, creating what author Paul Trynka described as a "definitive vocabulary for rock guitar".
One of Hendrix's signature effects was the wah-wah pedal , which he first heard used with an electric guitar in Cream's " Tales of Brave Ulysses ", released in May Hendrix was fascinated by Zappa's application of the pedal, and he experimented with one later that evening.
Hendrix used a Dallas Arbiter Fuzz Face and a Vox wah pedal during recording sessions and performances, but also experimented with other guitar effects.
Hendrix also used the Uni-Vibe , designed to simulate the modulation effects of a rotating Leslie speaker. He uses the effect during his performance at Woodstock and on the Band of Gypsys track "Machine Gun", which prominently features the Uni-vibe along with an Octavia and a Fuzz Face.
As an adolescent in the s, Hendrix became interested in rock and roll artists such as Elvis Presley , Little Richard , and Chuck Berry. King inspired him during the beginning of his career; he also cited Eddie Cochran as an early influence.
Cox stated that during their time serving in the US military, he and Hendrix primarily listened to southern blues artists such as Jimmy Reed and Albert King.
According to Cox, "King was a very, very powerful influence". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame biography for the Experience states: "Jimi Hendrix was arguably the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music.
Hendrix expanded the range and vocabulary of the electric guitar into areas no musician had ever ventured before. His boundless drive, technical ability and creative application of such effects as wah-wah and distortion forever transformed the sound of rock and roll.
His achievement was to reclaim title to a musical form pioneered by black innovators like Little Richard and Chuck Berry in the s.
Hendrix favored overdriven amplifiers with high volume and gain. This method has been described as piano style, with the thumb playing what a pianist's left hand would play and the other fingers playing melody as a right hand.
He was the first. He started it all. The rest is history. Hendrix received several prestigious rock music awards during his lifetime and posthumously.
The blue plaque identifying Hendrix's former residence at 23 Brook Street , London, next door to the former residence of George Frideric Handel was the first issued by English Heritage to commemorate a pop star.
The marker text reads, in part: "Over thirty musical acts performed, including rock icon Jimi Hendrix playing to the largest American audience of his career.
Billy Cox, the last surviving member of the group was on hand to accept, along with representatives of the Buddy Miles and Hendrix estates.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American guitarist, singer and songwriter. For the album, see The Jimi Hendrix Experience album.
For other uses of Hendrix, see Hendrix disambiguation. Hendrix performing on the Dutch television show Hoepla in Main article: Are You Experienced.
Main article: Monterey Pop Festival. Main article: Axis: Bold as Love. An excerpt from the outro guitar solo. The sample demonstrates the first recording of stereo phasing.
Main article: Electric Ladyland. Main article: Woodstock. The sample demonstrates Hendrix's use of feedback.
Main article: Band of Gypsys. An excerpt from the first guitar solo that demonstrates Hendrix's innovative use of high gain and overdrive to achieve an aggressive, sustained tone.
Main article: The Cry of Love Tour. Main article: Electric Lady Studios. Like most acid-heads, Jimi had visions and he wanted to create music to express what he saw.
He would try to explain this to people, but it didn't make sense because it was not linked to reality in any way.
Main article: Canadian drug charges and trial of Jimi Hendrix. Main article: Death of Jimi Hendrix. The Fender Stratocaster Hendrix played at Woodstock.
Hendrix's Gibson Flying V. I don't happen to know much about jazz. I know that most of those cats are playing nothing but blues, though—I know that much.
He changed everything. What don't we owe Jimi Hendrix? For his monumental rebooting of guitar culture "standards of tone", technique, gear, signal processing, rhythm playing, soloing, stage presence, chord voicings, charisma, fashion, and composition?
He is guitar hero number one. Main articles: Jimi Hendrix discography and Jimi Hendrix posthumous discography. She also imbued him with the stories, rituals, and music that had been part of her Afro-Cherokee heritage and her former life on the stage.
Along with his attendance at black Pentecostal church services, writers have suggested these experiences may later have informed his thinking about the connections between emotions, spirituality, and music.
Cross in Room Full of Mirrors writes "He [Hendrix's paternal grandfather, Bertran Philander Ross Hendrix] was born out of wedlock, and from the biracial coupling of his mother, a former slave, and a white merchant who had once owned her.
Hendrix stated: "Personal ambition: Have my own style of music. See my mother again. Principal Frank Hanawalt says that it was due to poor grades and attendance problems.
He used it to record his album Zoot Allures When Zappa's son, Dweezil Zappa , found the guitar some 20 years later, Zappa gave it to him.
Pepper , Are You Experienced was recorded using four-track technology. Do not correct. As part of the agreement, Hendrix was required to provide Warner Bros.
Both tracks were recorded during a brief visit to London in March , following Kathy Etchingham's marriage. These materials surfaced after two employees, under the instructions of Mike Jeffery, removed items from Hendrix's Greenwich Village apartment following his death.
This not only made string bending easier, but it also dropped the guitar's pitch, making it easier to accompany himself vocally. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Archived from the original on February 1, Those who knew Jimi Hendrix have come up with dozens of explanations as to what happened the night of September 18, Accident, suicide, or murder—how did Jimi Hendrix die?
Although it may be impossible to know for sure, here are the circumstances, and some of the theories, surrounding the death of rock legend Jimi Hendrix.
After spending the night at a party with friends, Jimi Hendrix was met by his girlfriend, who planned to take him home.
His boundless drive, technical ability and creative application of such effects as wah-wah and distortion forever transformed the sound of rock and roll.
During the week before his death, he was dealing with two pending lawsuits, one a paternity case and the other a recording contract dispute that was due to be heard by a UK High Court the following week.
Hendrix was fatigued and suffering from poor health, owing in part to severe exhaustion caused by overworking, a chronic lack of sleep, and a persistent illness assumed to be influenza -related.
On September 11, , Hendrix gave his final interview in his suite at the Cumberland Hotel in London, where he talked with Keith Altham, a journalist for Record Mirror.
Because they say a lot of things about people that, if they let it bother them, they wouldn't even be around today King Guitar now?
Wow, that's a bit heavy. I don't consider [my music] the invention of psychedelic, it's just asking a lot of questions. The following day, Hendrix received a phone call from one of his girlfriends, Devon Wilson, who had become jealous after hearing rumors that he was dating another woman, Kirsten Nefer.
Nefer recalled: "I heard Jimi talk to Devon Jimi said 'Devon, get off my back'". After informing him that she would have to go back to work that evening, he convinced her to phone her boss, actor George Lazenby , and ask for the night off.
Lazenby became angry and shouted over the phone to Nefer: "You're nothing but a fucking groupie", which Hendrix overheard.
Hendrix spent most of the early afternoon and evening of September 14 discussing his career plans with the record producer Alan Douglas. Lawrence commented: "Jimi tracked me down, detailing his pressures and discussing the 'so-called friends'.
He was jittery and angry. I can't focus to write any songs. During the afternoon of September 15, Hendrix was asked by his friend Eric Burdon , formerly of the Animals , if he wanted to participate in a jam session at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club with Burdon's newly formed band, War.
Hendrix accepted, but when he arrived at the club that evening, he was not allowed to play owing to his apparently drug-related disorientation.
Burdon commented: "Jimi came down and was well out of it. The crowd was enthusiastic and impressed by his performance despite his uncharacteristically subdued guitar playing when he sat in with War on " Tobacco Road " and " Mother Earth ".
This was the last time Hendrix played guitar in public. Although the details of Hendrix's last day and death are unclear and widely disputed, he had spent much of September 17 in London with Monika Dannemann.
They continued on to Kensington Market , where Hendrix signed an autograph for a young boy, purchased a leather jacket, and ordered some shoes.
Hendrix asked Dannemann to stop the car so that he could get out and talk with Wilson, who invited Hendrix to a party that evening.
Prior to their arrival at Harvey's, they briefly stopped by the Cumberland. While at the hotel, Hendrix made several telephone calls.
Dannemann said he phoned his lawyer Henry Steingarten, asking him to find a way out of his contract with his manager Mike Jeffery, and producer Eddie Kramer , for whom Hendrix left a voice message.
Hendrix and Dannemann smoked hashish and drank tea and wine with Harvey and two of his female companions while discussing their individual careers.
Harvey, who had remained silent about the incident out of respect for his English nobleman father, Arthur Vere Harvey , gave an affidavit after his father's death in In his statement, he claims to have been mildly concerned for Hendrix's safety, worried that Dannemann might "resort to serious physical violence".
At the party, Hendrix complained to Kameron about business problems, ate some food, and took at least one amphetamine tablet. Another guest, Stella Douglas, asked her to return later.
According to guest Angie Burdon, the estranged wife of Eric Burdon of the Animals, when Dannemann came back around 15 minutes later, Douglas used an assertive approach with her to the point of being impolite.
Undeterred, Dannemann demanded to speak with Hendrix. Burdon recalled: "[Hendrix] got angry because [Dannemann] wouldn't leave him alone. She later said she refused his request hoping he would fall asleep naturally.
When ambulance crew members Reg Jones and John Saua arrived at the Samarkand, the door to the flat was wide open, the gas fire was on, the curtains were drawn, and the apartment was dark.
The crew called out several times, but after receiving no response, they entered and found Hendrix alone in bed. Dannemann was nowhere to be found.